The 1990’s heralded a decade of optimism for the negotiated resolution of the land question and for the recognition of the inherent authority of First Nations to govern themselves in their traditional territories. To achieve these objectives, Canada, British Columbia and First Nations established a process for the negotiation of treaties that were to address both the land question and Aboriginal self- government.

As a first step, Canada, British Columbia and the First Nations Summit established the British Columbia Treaty Commission to facilitate the negotiation process. The Treaty Commission was also expected to ensure there was some semblance of a level playing field in the negotiation process. The role and effectiveness of the Treaty Commission is currently under review, as required by the original agreement under which it was established.

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